In this reading of the cycle, optimism met its death early. The poetically-inclined young man enchanted with the dancing of the stones, half in love with the rushing water, is eager to gather more material for his own story, and far too intoxicated with each experience to imagine their consequences. But as early as the moment when he substitutes the singing of nixies for the rushing of mill-wheels, the perils of that conflation are hinted at. In "Danksagung an den Bach," the anguish with which Kaufmann asked, finally, "...Oder hast mich berückt?" and the haste with which he returned to the only question he is willing to contemplate, "Ob sie dich geschickt?" were similarly ominous. Impatience and frustration built through the next songs, with the suppressed despair of "Der Neugierige" giving way to the frenetic "Ungeduld." Kaufmann's "Morgengruß" captured more sexual, knowing teasing than I had previously heard or imagined in the aubade, and it worked brilliantly. It was this slightly fey, feverishly determined courtship, then, that determined the mood of the subsequent songs, even as the miller himself became consumed by it. Deutsch's nuanced dynamics and phrasing contributed significantly to the increasingly claustrophobic atmosphere.
The pause, then, is one of exhaustion. The miller can see no future; brief paralysis is the closest he will come to finding respite. The bee hums against the strings of the lute, and the yearning in "Ist es der Nachklang meiner Liebespein?" is, if anything, less bleak than the question of what new songs this could form the prelude. "Mit dem grünen Lautenbande" was filled with bitter knowledge (or at least presentiment) of the transience of love, even as the miller ironically praises its permanence. Savagery from the piano underscored "Der Jäger," which, although explosive, was yet less terrifying than the unbalanced fury of "Eifersucht und Stoltz." "Die liebe Farbe" and "Die böse Farbe" were similarly haunted by anger, an annihilating force transferred from the self to the beloved, for whom he imagines such a nightmarish farewell. In "Trock'ne Blumen" this anger found its equilibrium and its climax. The expected bewilderment and grief had no place here; the miller is dry-eyed as he contemplates the spectacle of his own dead love. Despite the words of ostensible hope at the song's conclusion--"Der Lenz wird kommen"--this is all too clearly a cycle from which the miller feels himself cut off. The cry "Der Mai ist g'kommen!" is made by one who knows he cannot see the other side of winter. Both Deutsch and Kaufmann made the Wiegenlied chilling, a cruel indulgence in the Romantic imagery by which the miller has lived and died. The loyalty of the brook is as false as any other; but it knows what promises to make. Rather than a gleam of redemption, the final description--"Und der Himmel da oben, wie ist er so weit!" held the finality of Werther's conclusion: this is a world which has lost its faith in divine revelation.
In response to prolonged and vociferous applause, Kaufmann gave "Der Jüngling an der Quelle" as encore. Here as elsewhere he savored the text, as the lovesick youth seemed almost to savor his own sorrow. Letting the last fond sigh of "Luise!" taper sweetly to pianissimo was a demonstration of mastery perhaps superfluous, but deeply appreciated.