To begin this post, a confession: I usually feel that in the symphonic repertoire, a little late Romanticism goes a long way, and sometimes have sighed over the fact that there really isn't any such thing as "a little" late Romanticism. But I went to the two last concerts in the Cleveland Symphony's Lincoln Center stay, because I do like the Cleveland Symphony, I really like John Adams, and with student prices, I thought I ought to give Bruckner a try with one of his greatest advocates leading the interpretation. With as passionate an expert as Franz Welser-Möst on the podium, Bruckner not only held my interest, but left me intellectually stimulated and emotionally overwhelmed.
Saturday night's concert was devoted entirely to Bruckner's eighth symphony. The orchestra used the 1887 Nowak version of the score, which brought the work to about an hour and half in length (cf. remark about no such thing as a little late Romanticism.) It was indeed massive, but no part of it felt extraneous. I struggled for a metaphor to communicate the magnitude of the symphony's impact; it was not a "force of nature," but a force of art. Never did referring to the architecture of a piece seem more apt: this symphony took shape like a temple. Everything seemed under perfect control, but there was not an ounce of hesitancy or undue restraint. This was a performance blessedly free of bombast, so that the real sources of excitement, the shape and color of Bruckner's sound, the skill and subtlety with which he deployed his vast forces, could be better appreciated. Yes, Brucknerian subtlety, Gentle Readers, from the string section that had luscious sound on everything from its delicate pianissimi to fiercely assertive, pulsing forte, and from the woodwinds which shaped expressive solo lines, and blended beautifully as well. The glorious brass section could not be called subtle, perhaps, but they were as finely responsive. Welser-Möst led with fierce, fearless energy and precise control. I couldn't help but think of the connection Pythagoras saw between mathematics and music: behind these sounds lay the rules of the world.
What I'm tempted to call the gravitas of the Cleveland Orchestra's particular sound--full, rich, weighty, and well-blended--served John Adams' Doctor Atomic Symphony well. Hearing it in between Bruckner symphonies did, I suspect, help me listen for its sweep, and interpret the anguish at its heart as that of trying to cling to certainties in a world where morality is being perilously redefined. Beneath the tense cacophony of the laboratory you can hear a heartbeat in the strings. Here as in the Bruckner, I appreciated Welser-Möst's feel for detail and attention to lyric line. The momentum of the piece was relentless, its pizzicati and shivering runs in the strings chilling. The trumpet solo for "Batter My Heart" which appears at the conclusion of the final movement (taken, I presume, by principal Michael Sachs) brought me to tears. Once the piece had faded into silence (I appreciated Welser-Möst's upheld hand at the end) the audience responded enthusiastically, and got on its feet when John Adams came out for the second ovation.
And then the ninth. I'm fairly certain I detected an allusion to Rilke's "Archaischer Torso Apollos" in Thomas May's program notes; whether deliberate or not, it's an apt comparison for this unfinished symphony that nevertheless--at least in this reading--overwhelmed me with its scope, as well as its force. The program seemed anxious to defend Bruckner from being dismissed as simple expressions of religious faith, and his work from facile comparisons to cathedrals. I'm not sure it's possible to have a simple expression of religious faith; just look at Bach. And as a medievalist, I thought that, even if hackneyed, a comparison of Bruckner's Ninth to a cathedral might be very fitting. In the high Middle Ages, cathedrals were designed to tell the history of the world. They foretold its future. They drew communities together, and helped them express their identities. They depicted, celebrated, and strengthened, the bonds of the living with the dead, whether the departed were the saints whose relics healed and were adored, or the known dead under the flagstones. Their windows transformed light into color, and told stories in which the miraculous invaded the ordinary. In other words: Welser-Möst and the orchestra found nuances of color and dynamics that made the vast whole seem almost delicate, at times (lace tracery carved in stone.) The tempi may have been on the deliberate side--I apologize for my lack of comparative sense--but the whole was given with such energy, and agile liveliness from the strings, especially, that I never felt it dragged. Welser-Möst created generous silences between movements which worked as part of the structure as a whole. Back to Pythagoras: did you know, Gentle Readers, that medieval philosophy saw all of space as filled with light and music, and the perfection of paradise as expressed through mathematically ordered hierarchies? This was like that, and like the terror of chaos expressed in the nightmare-devils on friezes. The sound not only filled the hall, but stormed the heavens.